Introduction to english LAw
One of the major European legal systems, Roman law being the other, English law has spread to many other countries, including former English colonies such as the USA, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.
Classification of Law
The criminal law is concerned with offences against society at large – crimes. Prosecuted by the State. Punish and deter.
Civil law is concerned with disputes between private parties, for example, consumer and supplier, employer and employee. Injured party sues. Damages or injunction.
Types of Laws
The word law refers generally to legal documents, which set forth rules, governing a particular kind of activity. Work with the dictionary and determine the meanings of the following words: bill, directive, ordinance, regulations, statutes. Match the words with the given deffinitions.
- Rules issued by a government agency to carry out the intent of the law; authorised by a statute. and generally providing more detail on a subject than the statute;
- Law enacted by a town. city or county government;
- Draft document before it is made into law;
- Legal device, used by the European Union to establish policies at the European level to be incorporated into the laws of the Member States;
- Formal written law, enacted by a legislative body.
Compete the given statements using of of the above words:
- The Town Council will conduct a public hearing regarding a proposed _______________________concerning property tax.
- According to the __________________ concerning working time. overtime work is work, which is officially ordered in excess of 40 hours in a working week or in excess of eight hours a day.
- Early this year, the government introduced a new ___________________on electronic commerce to Parliament.
- A number of changes have been made to the federal ______________________governing the seizing of computers and the gathering of electronic evidence.
- The European Union _____________________on Data Protection established legal principles, aimed at protecting personal data privacy and the free flow of data.
Types of Court
Match each of the following types of court (1-9) with the explanation of what happens there:
a) This is where a person under 18 would be tried;
b) This is a court of primary jurisdiction, where a case is heard for the first time;
c) This is where small crimes are tried in the UK;
d) This is where law students argue hypothetical cases;
e) This is where a case is reviewed which has already been heard in a lower court;
f) This is where cases involving a limited amount of money are handled;
g) This is where serious criminal cases are heard by a judge and a
jury in the UK.
h) This is where a group of specially chosen people examine legal
problems of a particular type, such as employment disputes.
i) This is usually the highest court in a jurisdiction, the court of